4 Types of Borderline Personality Disorder

Medically reviewed by Dr. Mark Hrymoc, M.D.
woman looking out window, wondering about the types of borderline personality disorder

While Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a singular diagnosis, it manifests in various forms, leading to the conceptualization of different subtypes. These subtypes, though not officially recognized in diagnostic manuals, offer insight into the diverse presentations of BPD. Borderline Personality Disorder, a complex mental health condition, often bewilders both those who experience it and the professionals who treat it. This disorder embodies a spectrum of symptoms that vary widely among individuals, making a one-size-fits-all approach ineffective. To better understand and address the varied manifestations of BPD, clinicians have proposed four subtypes, each reflecting unique patterns of behavior and challenges. In this article, you will learn more about the different types of borderline personality disorder and the treatment options available. Understanding Borderline Personality Disorder Borderline Personality Disorder is characterized by intense emotional instability, impulsive behaviors, and a distorted self-image, often leading to tumultuous relationships and self-harm. Patients with BPD experience a …

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Borderline Personality Disorder Awareness Month

Borderline Personality Disorder Awareness month

What is Borderline Personality Disorder Awareness month? In 2008, the U.S. House of Representatives declared May as Borderline Personality Disorder Awareness month. This is largely in part due to the National Education Alliance for Borderline Personality Disorder’s efforts to educate others about the disorder and its impact; these efforts seek to empower those diagnosed while reducing stigma that surrounds the disorder.  What is Borderline Personality Disorder? According to the American Psychiatric Association, borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a personality disorder characterized by “a long-standing pattern of instability in mood, interpersonal relationships, and self-image that is severe enough to cause extreme distress or interfere with social and occupational functioning” (APA, 2021). To meet diagnostic criteria, an individual must meet five of the following categories: frantic efforts to avoid real or imagined abandonment, a pattern of unstable and intense interpersonal relationships characterized by alternating between extremes of idealization and devaluation, identity disturbance …

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